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来源:本站 发布时间:2016-12-29 12:29:24 浏览量:
机械英语翻译词汇 组装、冲压、喷漆等专业词汇

Assembly line组装线 



Rivet table拉钉机 

Rivet gun拉钉枪 

Screw driver起子 

Electric screw driver电动起子 

Pneumatic screw driver气动起子 

worktable 工作桌 


fit together组装在一起 


fixture 夹具(治具) 



barcode scanner条码扫描器 

fuse together熔合 

fuse machine热熔机 




supervisor 课长 



cosmetic inspect外观检查 

inner parts inspect内部检查 

thumb screw大头螺丝 

lbs. inch镑、英寸 

EMI gasket导电条 

front plate前板 

rear plate后板 

chassis 基座 

bezel panel面板 

power button电源按键 

reset button重置键 

Hi-pot test of SPS高源高压测试 

Voltage switch of SPS 


sheet metal parts 冲件 

plastic parts塑胶件 


material check list物料检查表 

work cell工作间 




left fork叉车 

production department生产部门 

planning department企划部 

QC Section品管科 

stamping factory冲压厂 

painting factory烤漆厂 

molding factory成型厂 

common equipment常用设备 

uncoiler and straightener整平机 

punching machine 冲床 


hydraulic machine油压机 


planer |'plein?|刨床 




linear cutting线切割 

electrical sparkle电火花 


staker=reviting machine铆合机 



general manager总经理 

special assistant manager特助 

factory director厂长 

department director部长 

deputy manager | =vice manager副理 

section supervisor课长 

deputy section supervisor =vice section superisor副课长 

group leader/supervisor组长 

line supervisor线长 

assistant manager助理 

to move, to carry, to handle搬运 

be put in storage入库 

pack packing包装 

to apply oil擦油 

to file burr 锉毛刺 

final inspection终检 

to connect material接料 

to reverse material 翻料 

wet station沾湿台 


cleaning cloth抹布 

to load material上料 

to unload material卸料 

to return material/stock to退料 

scraped |'skr?pid|报废 

scrape ..v.刮;削 

deficient purchase来料不良 

manufacture procedure制程 

deficient manufacturing procedure制程不良 

oxidation |' ksi'dei?n|氧化 



defective upsiding down抽芽不良 

defective to staking铆合不良 

embedded lump镶块 

feeding is not in place送料不到位 


production capacity生产力 

education and training教育与训练 

proposal improvement提案改善 

spare parts=buffer备件 


trailer=long vehicle拖板车 

compound die合模 

die locker锁模器 

pressure plate=plate pinch压板 


name of a department部门名称 

administration/general affairs dept总务部 

automatic screwdriver电动启子 

thickness gauge厚薄规 

gauge(or jig)治具 

power wire电源线 


defective product label不良标签 

identifying sheet list标示单 

screwdriver holder起子插座 



flow board流水板 

hydraulic handjack油压板车 




glove(s) with exposed fingers割手套 




ring finger无名指 

little finger小指 


iudustrial alcohol工业酒精 

alcohol container沾湿台 

head of screwdriver起子头 



vaccum cleaner吸尘器 

rag 抹布 

garbage container灰箕 

garbage can垃圾箱 

garbage bag垃圾袋 



production line流水线 



lamp holder灯架 

to mop the floor拖地 

to clean the floor扫地 

to clean a table擦桌子 

air pipe 气管 

packaging tool打包机 


missing part漏件 

wrong part错件 

excessive defects过多的缺陷 

critical defect极严重缺陷 

major defect主要缺陷 

minor defect次要缺陷 

not up to standard不合规格 

dimension/size is a little bigger尺寸偏大(小) 

cosmetic defect外观不良 

slipped screwhead/slippery screw head螺丝滑头 

slipped screwhead/shippery screw thread滑手 






poor staking铆合不良 

excesssive gap间隙过大 

grease/oil stains油污 


painting peel off脏污 


mixed color杂色 


poor processing 制程不良 

poor incoming part事件不良 

fold of pakaging belt打包带折皱 

painting make-up补漆 


water spots水渍 

polishing/surface processing表面处理 

exposed metal/bare metal金属裸露 

lack of painting烤漆不到位 



delivery deadline交货期 



die repair模修 

enterprise plan = enterprise expansion projects企划 


die worker模工 

production, to produce生产 


to start a press开机 

stop/switch off a press关机 






qualified products, up-to-grade products良品 

defective products, not up-to-grade products不良品 




sliding rack滑料架 

defective product box不良品箱 

die change 换模 

to fix a die装模 

to take apart a die拆模 

to repair a die修模 

packing material包材 


plastic basket胶筐 

isolating plate baffle plate; barricade隔板 

carton box纸箱 

to pull and stretch拉深 

to put material in place, to cut material, to input落料 

to impose lines压线 

to compress, compressing压缩 

character die字模 

to feed, feeding送料 


(be)qualfied, up to grade合格 

not up to grade, not qualified不合格 

material change, stock change材料变更 

feature change 特性变更 


prepare for, make preparations for 准备 


rotating speed, revolution转速 

manufacture management制造管理 

abnormal handling异常处理 

production unit生产单位 

lots of production生产批量 

steel plate钢板 

roll material卷料 

manufacture procedure制程 

operation procedure作业流程 

to revise, modify修订 

to switch over to, switch---to throw--over switching over切换 

engineering, project difficulty 


stage die工程模 


to stake, staking, reviting铆合 

add lubricating oil加润滑油 

shut die架模 

shut height of a die架模高度 

analog-mode device类模器 

die lifter举模器 

argon welding氩焊 

vocabulary for stamping 


stamping, press冲压 

punch press, dieing out press冲床 

uncoiler & strainghtener整平机 


rack, shelf, stack料架 




conveyer belt输送带 

transmission rack输送架 

top stop上死点 

bottom stop下死点 

one stroke一行程 


to continue, cont.连动 

to grip(material)吸料 

location lump, locating piece, block stop 定位块 







to draw holes抽孔 

inquiry, search for查寻 

to stock, storage, in stock库存 


approval examine and verify审核 

processing, to process加工 

delivery, to deliver 交货 

to return delivenry to. 

to send delinery back 

to retrn of goods退货 


registration card登记卡 

to control管制 

to put forward and hand in提报 

safe stock安全库存 

acceptance = receive验收 

to notice通知 

application form for purchase请购单 

consume, consumption消耗 

to fill in填写 


reverse angle = chamfer倒角 

character die字模 

to collect, to gather收集 

failure, trouble故障 


demand and supply需求 

career card履历卡 

to take apart a die卸下模具 

to load a die装上模具 

to tight a bolt拧紧螺栓 

to looser a bolt拧松螺栓 

to move away a die plate移走模板 

easily damaged parts易损件 

standard parts标准件 

breaking.(be)broken,(be)cracked 断裂 

to lubricate润滑 

common vocabulary for die engineering 


die 模具 

figure file, chart file图档 

cutting die, blanking die冲裁模 

progressive die, follow (-on)die 


compound die复合模 

punched hole冲孔 

panel board镶块 

to cutedges=side cut=side scrap切边 

to bending折弯 

to pull, to stretch拉伸 

Line streching, line pulling线拉伸 

engraving, to engrave刻印 

upsiding down edges翻边 

to stake铆合 

designing, to design设计 

design modification设计变化 

die block模块 

folded block折弯块 

sliding block滑块 

location pin定位销 

lifting pin顶料销 

die plate, front board模板 

padding block垫块 

stepping bar垫条 

upper die base上模座 

lower die base下模座 

upper supporting blank上承板 

upper padding plate blank上垫板 

spare dies模具备品 

spring 弹簧 


document folder文件夹 

file folder资料夹 

to put file in order整理资料 

spare tools location手工备品仓 

first count初盘人 

first check初盘复棹人 

second count 复盘人 

second check复盘复核人 


waste materials废料 

work in progress product在制品 

casing = containerazation装箱 

quantity of physical invetory second count 复盘点数量 

quantity of customs count 


the first page第一联 

filed by accounting department for reference会计部存查 

end-user/using unit(department)使用单位 

summary of year-end physical inventory bills 


bill name单据名称 

This sheet and physical inventory list will be sent to accounting 

department together (Those of NHK will be sent to financial 



Application status records of year-end physical inventory List and 

physical inventory card 年终盘点卡与清册使用-状况明细表 

blank and waste sheet NO. 




material for engineering mold testing工程试模材料 

not included in physical inventory不列入盘点 


incoming material to be inspected进货待验 


steel/rolled steel钢材 

material statistics sheet 


meeting minutes会议记录 

meeting type 会别 

distribution department分发单位 



present members出席人员 



decision items决议事项 

responsible department负责单位 

pre-fixed finishing date预定完成日 

approved by / checked by / prepared by核准/审核/承办 

PCE assembly production schedule sheet 



work order工令 



production control confirmation生产确认 

checked by初审 

approved by核准 


stock age analysis sheet 


on-hand inventory现有库存 

available material良品可使用 

obsolete material良品已呆滞 

to be inspected or reworked 



cause description原因说明 

part number/ P/N 料号 




prepared by制表 


year-end physical inventory difference analysis sheet 


physical inventory盘点数量 

physical count quantity帐面数量 

difference quantity差异量 

cause analysis原因分析 

raw materials原料 


finished product成品 

semi-finished product半成品 

packing materials包材 

good product/accepted goods/ accepted parts/good parts良品 

defective product/non-good parts不良品 

disposed goods处理品 


on way location在途仓 

oversea location海外仓 

spare parts physical inventory list备品盘点清单 

spare molds location模具备品仓 


tox machine自铆机 

wire EDM线割 


coil stock卷料 

sheet stock片料 



cam block滑块 




drag form压锻差 

pocket for the punch head挂钩槽 

slug hole废料孔 

feature die公母模 

expansion dwg展开图 



torch-flame cut火焰切割 

set screw止付螺丝 

form block折刀 

stop pin定位销 

round pierce punch=die button圆冲子 

shape punch=die insert异形子 

stock locater block定位块 

under cut=scrap chopper清角 

active plate活动板 

baffle plate挡块 

cover plate盖板 

male die公模 

female die母模 

groove punch压线冲子 

air-cushion eject-rod气垫顶杆 

spring-box eject-plate弹簧箱顶板 

bushing block衬套 

insert 入块 

club car高尔夫球车 







main manifold主集流脉 





high-speed transmission高速传递 

heat dissipation热传 




alkaline etch龄咬 


D.I. rinse纯水次 





part number/P/N料号 

good products良品 

scraped products报放心品 

defective products不良品 

finished products成品 

disposed products处理品 


flow chart流程表单 




spare parts=buffer备品 


dismantle the die折模 

auxiliary fuction辅助功能 


heater band 加热片 


sand blasting喷沙 

grit 砂砾 

derusting machine除锈机 




induction light感应光 



edge finder巡边器 







splay 银纹 

gas mark焦痕 


cold slug冷块 

blush 导色 


satin texture段面咬花 

witness line证示线 




grit maker抽粒机 




metal plate钣金 









through-hole form通孔形式 

voller pin formality滚针形式 

cam driver铡楔 


crank shaft曲柄轴 

augular offset角度偏差 


production tempo生产进度现状 


spline=the multiple keys花键 






tungsten high speed steel钨高速的 

moly high speed steel钼高速的 

organic solvent有机溶剂 











plain die简易模 

pierce die冲孔模 

forming die成型模 

progressive die连续模 

gang dies复合模 

shearing die剪边模 

riveting die铆合模 



draw hole抽孔 






stamp mark冲记号 

deburr or coin压毛边 

punch riveting冲压铆合 

side stretch侧冲压平 

reel stretch卷圆压平 



stamp letter冲字(料号) 


tick-mark nearside正面压印 

tick-mark farside反面压印 


extension dwg展开图 

procedure dwg工程图 

die structure dwg模具结构图 


material thickness料片厚度 




press specification冲床规格 

die height range适用模高 

die height闭模高度 




total wt.总重量 

punch wt.上模重量 


inner guiding post内导柱 

inner hexagon screw内六角螺钉 

dowel pin固定销 

coil spring弹簧 

lifter pin顶料销 

eq-height sleeves=spool等高套筒 


lifter guide pin浮升导料销 

guide pin导正销 

wire spring圆线弹簧 

outer guiding post外导柱 

stop screw止付螺丝 

located pin定位销 

outer bush外导套 


top plate上托板(顶板) 

top block上垫脚 

punch set上模座 

punch pad上垫板 

punch holder上夹板 

stripper pad脱料背板 

up stripper上脱料板 

male die公模(凸模) 

feature die公母模 

female die母模(凹模) 

upper plate上模板 

lower plate下模板 

die pad下垫板 

die holder下夹板 

die set下模座 

bottom block下垫脚 

bottom plate下托板(底板) 

stripping plate内外打(脱料板) 

outer stripper外脱料板 

inner stripper内脱料板 

lower stripper下脱料板 




deburring punch压毛边冲子 

groove punch压线冲子 

stamped punch字模冲子 

round punch圆冲子 

special shape punch异形冲子 

bending block折刀 


baffle plate挡块 

located block定位块 

supporting block for location 


air cushion plate气垫板 

air-cushion eject-rod气垫顶杆 

trimming punch切边冲子 

stiffening rib punch = stinger 加强筋冲子 

ribbon punch压筋冲子 

reel-stretch punch卷圆压平冲子 

guide plate定位板 

sliding block滑块 

sliding dowel block滑块固定块 

active plate活动板 

lower sliding plate下滑块板 

upper holder block上压块 

upper mid plate上中间板 

spring box弹簧箱 

spring-box eject-rod弹簧箱顶杆 

spring-box eject-plate弹簧箱顶板 

bushing bolck衬套 

cover plate盖板 

guide pad导料块 


compre sion molding压缩成型 

flash mold溢流式模具 

plsitive mold挤压式模具 

split mold分割式模具 

cavity型控 母模 

core模心 公模 


leather cloak仿皮革 


flow mark流痕 

welding mark溶合痕 

post screw insert螺纹套筒埋值 

self tapping screw自攻螺丝 

striper plate脱料板 




handle mold手持式模具 


encapsulation molding低压封装成型 


two plate两极式(模具) 

well type蓄料井 

insulated runner绝缘浇道方式 

hot runner热浇道 

runner plat浇道模块 

valve gate阀门浇口 

band heater环带状的电热器 


spear head刨尖头 

slag well冷料井 

cold slag冷料渣 

air vent排气道 




welding line熔合痕 

eject pin顶出针 

knock pin顶出销 

return pin回位销反顶针 


stripper plate脱料板 

insert core放置入子 

runner stripper plate浇道脱料板 

guide pin导销 

eject rod (bar)(成型机)顶业捧 


three plate三极式模具 

runner system浇道系统 

stress crack应力电裂 


sprue gate射料浇口,直浇口 


sprue lock pin料头钩销(拉料杆) 

slag well冷料井 

side gate侧浇口 

edge gate侧缘浇口 

tab gate搭接浇口 

film gate薄膜浇口 

flash gate闸门浇口 

slit gate缝隙浇口 

fan gate扇形浇口 

dish gate因盘形浇口 



diaphragm gate隔膜浇口 

ring gate环形浇口 

subarine gate潜入式浇口 

tunnel gate隧道式浇口 

pin gate针点浇口 


Runner less无浇道 

(sprue less)无射料管方式 

long nozzle延长喷嘴方式 




QC quality control 品质管理人员 

FQC final quality control 终点品质管制人员 

IPQC in process quality control 制程中的品质管制人员 

OQC output quality control 最终出货品质管制人员 

IQC incoming quality control 进料品质管制人员 

TQC total quality control 全面质量管理 

POC passage quality control 段检人员 

QA quality assurance 质量保证人员 

OQA output quality assurance 出货质量保证人员 

QE quality engineering 品质工程人员 


FAI first article inspection 新品首件检查 

FAA first article assurance 首件确认 

TVR tool verification report 模具确认报告 

3B 3B 模具正式投产前确认 

CP capability index 能力指数 

CPK capability index of process 模具制程能力参数 

SSQA standardized supplier quality 合格供应商品质评估 

OOBA out of box audit 开箱检查 

QFD quality function deployment 品质机能展开 

FMEA failure model effectiveness analysis 失效模式分析 

8 disciplines 8项回复内容 

FA final audit 最後一次稽核 

CAR corrective action request 改正行动要求 

corrective action report 改正行动报告 


AQL Acceptable Quality Level 运作类允收品质水准 

S/S Sample size 抽样检验样本大小 

ACC Accept 允收 

REE Reject 拒收 

CR Critical 极严重的 

MAJ Major 主要的 

MIN Minor 轻微的 

AOQ Average Output Quality 平均出厂品质 

AOQL Average Output Quality Level 平均出厂品质 

Q/R/S Quality/Reliability/Service 品质/可靠度服务 

MIL-STD Military-Standard 军用标准 

S I-S IV Special I-Special IV 特殊抽样水准等级 

P/N Part Number 料号 

L/N Lot Number 特采 

AOD Accept On Deviation 特采 

UAI Use As It 首件检查报告 

FPIR First Piece Inspection Report 百万分之一 

PPM Percent Per Million 批号 


SPC Statistical Process Control 统计制程管制 

SQC Statistical Quality Control 统计品质管制 

R Range 全距 

AR Averary Range 全距平均值 

UCL Upper Central Limit 管制上限 

LCL Lower Central Limit 管制下限 

MAX Maximum 最大值 

MIN Minimum 最小值 

GRR Gauge Reproducibility&Repeatability 量具之再制性及重测性判断量可靠与否 

DIM Dimension 尺寸 

DIA Diameter 直径 

FREQ Frequency 频率 

N Number 样品数 


QCC Quality Control Circle 品质圈 

QIT Quality Improvement Team 品质改善小组 

PDCA Plan Do Check Action 计划 执行 检查 总结 

ZD Zero Defect 零缺点 

QI Quality Improvement 品质改善 

QP Quality Policy 目标方针 

TQM Total Quality Management 全面品质管理 

MRB Material Reject Bill 退货单 

LQL Limiting Quality Level 最低品质水准 

RMA Return Material Audit 退料认可 

QAN Quality Amelionrate Notice 品质改善活动 

ADM Absolute Dimension Measuremat 全尺寸测量 

QT Quality Target 品质目标 

7QCTools 7 Quality Controll Tools 品管七大手法 


ECN Engineering Change Notes 工程变更通知(供应商) 

ECO Engineering Change Order 工程改动要求(客户) 

PCN Process Change Notice 工序改动通知 

PMP Product Management Plan 生产管制计划 

SIP Specification In Process 制程检验规格 

SOP Standard Operation Procedure 制造作业规范 

IS Inspection Specification 成品检验规范 

BOM Bill Of Material 物料清单 

PS Package Specification 包装规范 

SPEC Specification 规格 

DWG Drawing 图面 


QC Quality System 品质系统 

ES Engineering Standarization 工程标准 

CGOO China General PCE龙华厂文件 

H Huston (美国)休斯敦 

C Compaq (美国)康伯公司 

C China 中国大陆 

A Assembly 组装(厂) 

S Stamping 冲压(厂) 

P Painting 烤漆(厂) 

I Intel 英特尔公司 


IWS International Workman Standard 工艺标准 

ISO International Standard Organization 国际标准化组织 

GS General Specification 一般规格 

CMCS C-China M-Manufact C-Compaq S-Stamping Compaq产品在龙华冲压厂制造作业规范 

CQCA Q-Quality A-Assembly Compaq产品在龙华组装厂品管作业规范 

CQCP P-Painting Compaq产品在龙华烤漆厂品管作业规范 


PMC Production & Material Control 生产和物料控制 

PPC Production Plan Control 生产计划控制 

MC Material Control 物料控制 

ME Manafacture Engineering 制造工程部 

PE Project Engineering 产品工程部 

A/C Accountant Dept 会计部 

P/A Personal & Administration 人事行政部 

DC Document Center 资料中心 

QE Quality Engineering 品质工程(部) 

QA Quality Assurance 品质保证(处) 

QC Quality Control 品质管制(课) 

PD Product Department 生产部 

LAB Labratry 实验室 

IE Industrial Engineering 工业工程 

R&D Research & Design 设计开发部 

P Painting 烤漆(厂) 

A Asssembly 组装(厂) 

S Stamping 冲压(厂) 


PCS Pieces 个(根,块等) 

PRS Pairs 双(对等) 

CTN Carton 卡通箱 

PAL Pallet/skid 栈板 

PO Purchasing Order 采购订单 

MO Manufacture Order 生产单 

D/C Date Code 生产日期码 

ID/C Identification Code (供应商)识别码 

SWR Special Work Request 特殊工作需求 

L/N Lot Number 批号 

P/N Part Number 料号 


OEM Original Equipment Manufacture 原设备制造 

PCE Personal Computer Enclosure 个人电脑外设 

PC Personal Computer 个人电脑 

CPU Central Processing Unit 中央处理器 


SGCC SGCC 热浸镀锌材料 

NHK North of Hongkong 中国大陆 

PRC People's Republic of China 中国大陆 

U.S.A the United States of America 美国 

A.S.A.P As Soon As Possible 尽可能快的 

E-MAIL Electrical-Mail 电子邮件 

N/A Not Applicable 不适用 

QTY Quantity 数量 

VS 以及 

REV Revision 版本 

JIT Just In Time 零库存 

I/O Input/Output 输入/输出 

OK Ok 好 

NG Not Good 不行,不合格 

C=0 Critical=0 极严重不允许 

ESD Electry-static Discharge 静电排放 

5S 希腊语 整理,整顿,清扫,清洁,教养 

ATIN Attention 知会 

CC Carbon Copy 副本复印相关人员 

APP Approve 核准,认可,承认 

CHK Check 确认 

AM Ante Meridian 上午 

PM Post Meridian 下午 

CD Compact Disk 光碟 

CD-ROM Compact Disk Read-Only Memory 只读光碟 

FDD Floppy Disk Drive 软碟机 

HDD Hard Disk Drive 碟碟机 

REF Reference 仅供参考 

CONN Connector 连接器 

CAV Cavity 模穴 

CAD Computer Aid Design 计算机辅助设计 

ASS'Y Assembly 装配,组装 

MAT'S Material 材料 

IC Integrated Circuit 集成电路 

T/P True Position 真位度 

TYP Type 类型 

WDR Weekly Delivery Requitement 周出货需求 

C?T Cycle Time 制程周期 

L/T Lead Time 前置时间(生产前准备时间) 

S/T Standard Time 标准时间 

P/M Product Market 产品市场 

3C Computer,Commumcation,Consumer electronic's 消费性电子 

5WIH When,Where,Who,What,Why,How to 

5M Man,Machine,Material,Method,Measurement 

4MIH Man,Materia,Money,Method,Time 人力,物力,财务,技术,时间(资源) 

SQA Strategy Quality Assurance 策略品质保证 

DQA Desigh Quality Assurance 设计品质保证 

MQA Manufacture Quality Assurance 制造品质保证 

SSQA Sales and service Quality Assurance 销售及服务品质保证 

LRR Lot Rejeet Rate 批退率 

BS Brain storming 脑力激荡 

EMI Electronic Magnetion Inspect 高磁测试 

FMI Frequency Modulatim Inspect 高频测试 

B/M Boar/Molding(flat cable) 

C/P Connector of PC 

A/P Assembly 

SPS Switching power supply 电源箱 

DT Desk Top 卧式(机箱) 

MT Mini-Tower 立式(机箱) 

DVD Digital Vedio Disk 

VCD Vdeio Compact Disk 

LCD Liquid Crystal Display 

CAD Computer AID Design 

CAM Computer AID Manufacturing 

CAE Computer AID Engineering 

ABIOS Achanced Basic in put/output system 先进的基本输入/输出系统 

CMOS Complemeruary Metoll Oxide Semiconductor 互补金属氧化物半导体 

PDA Personal Digital Assistant 个人数字助理 

IC Integrated Circuit 集成电路 

ISA Industry Standard Architecture 工业标准体制结构 

MCA Micro Channel Architecture 微通道结构 

EISA Extended Industry Standard Architecture 扩充的工业标准结构 

SIMM Single in-line memory module 单项导通汇流组件 

DIMM Dual in-line Memory Module 双项导通汇流组件 

LED Light-Emitting Diode 发光二级管 

FMEA Failure Mode Effectivenes 失效模式分析 

W/H Wire Harness 金属线绪束集组件 

F/C Flat Calle 排线 

PCB Printed Circuit Board 印刷电路板 

CAR Correction Action Report 改善报告 

NG Not Good 不良 

WPR Weekly Delivery Requirement 周出货要求 

PPM Parts Per Million 百万分之一 

TPM Total Production Maintenance 全面生产保养 

MRP Material Requiremcnt Planning 物料需计划 

OC Operation System 作业系统 

TBA To Be Design 待定,定缺 

D/C Drawing Change 

P/P Plans & Procedune 

EMI Electrical-Music Industry 电子音乐工业 

RFI Read Frequency Input 读频输入 

MMC Maximum Material Condition 

MMS Maximum Material Size 

LMC Least Material Condition 

LMS Least Material Size





accurate die casting 精密压铸 

powder forming 粉末成形 

calendaring molding 压延成形 

powder metal forging 粉末锻造 

cold chamber die casting 冷式压铸 

precision forging 精密锻造 

cold forging 冷锻 

press forging 冲锻 

compacting molding 粉末压出成形 

rocking die forging 摇动锻造 

compound molding 复合成形 

rotary forging 回转锻造 

compression molding 压缩成形 

rotational molding 离心成形 

dip mold 浸渍成形 

rubber molding 橡胶成形 

encapsulation molding 注入成形 

sand mold casting 砂模铸造 

extrusion molding 挤出成形 

shell casting 壳模铸造 

foam forming ?泡成形 

sinter forging 烧结锻造 

forging roll 轧锻 

six sides forging 六面锻造 

gravity casting 重力铸造 

slush molding 凝塑成形 

hollow(blow) molding 中空(吹出)成形 

squeeze casting 高压铸造 

hot chamber die casting 热室压铸 

swaging 挤锻 

hot forging 热锻 

transfer molding 转送成形 

injection molding 射出成形 

warm forging 温锻 

investment casting 精密铸造 

matched die method 对模成形法 

laminating method 被覆淋膜成形 

low pressure casting 低压铸造 

lost wax casting 脱蜡铸造 

matched mould thermal forming 对模热成形模



bismuth mold 铋铸模 

landed plunger mold 有肩柱塞式模具 

burnishing die 挤光模 

landed positive mold 有肩全压式模具 

button die 镶入式圆形凹模 

loading shoe mold 料套式模具 

center-gated mold 中心浇口式模具 

loose detail mold 活零件模具 

chill mold 冷硬用铸模 

loose mold 活动式模具 

clod hobbing 冷挤压制模 

ouvering die 百叶窗冲切模 

composite dies 复合模具 

manifold die 分歧管模具 

counter punch 反凸模 

modular mold 组合式模具 

double stack mold 双层模具 

multi-cavity mold 多模穴模具 

electroformed mold 电铸成形模 

multi-gate mold 复式浇口模具 

expander die 扩径模 

offswt bending die 双折冷弯模具 

extrusion die 挤出模 

palletizing die 叠层模 

family mold 反套制品模具 

plaster mold 石膏模 

blank through dies 漏件式落料模 

porous mold 通气性模具 

duplicated cavity plate 复板模 

positive mold 全压式模具 

fantail die 扇尾形模具 

pressure die 压紧模 

fishtail die 鱼尾形模具 

profile die 轮廓模 

flash mold 溢料式模具 

progressive die 顺序模 

gypsum mold 石膏铸模 

protable mold 手提式模具 

hot-runner mold 热流道模具 

prototype mold 雏形试验模具 

ingot mold 钢锭模 

punching die 落料模 

lancing die 切口模 

raising(embossing) 压花起伏成形 

re-entrant mold 倒角式模具 

sectional die 拼合模 

runless injection mold 无流道冷料模具 

sectional die 对合模具 

segment mold 组合模 

semi-positive mold 半全压式模具 

shaper 定型模套 

single cavity mold 单腔模具 

solid forging die 整体锻模 

split forging die 拼合锻模 

split mold 双并式模具 

sprueless mold 无注道残料模具 

squeezing die 挤压模 

stretch form die 拉伸成形模 

sweeping mold 平刮铸模 

swing die 振动模具 

three plates mold 三片式模具 

trimming die 切边模 

unit mold 单元式模具 

universal mold 通用模具 

unscrewing mold 退扣式模具 

yoke type die 轭型模



air vent vale 通气阀 anchor pin 锚梢 

angular pin 角梢 baffle 调节阻板 

angular pin 倾斜梢 baffle plate 折流档板 

ball button 球塞套 ball plunger 定位球塞 

ball slider 球塞滑块 binder plate 压板 

blank holder 防皱压板 blanking die 落料冲头 

bolster 上下模板 bottom board 浇注底板 

bolster 垫板 bottom plate 下固定板 

bracket 托架 bumper block 缓冲块 

buster 堵口 casting ladle 浇注包 

casting lug 铸耳 cavity 模穴(模仁) 

cavity retainer plate 模穴托板 center pin 中心梢 

clamping block 锁定块 coil spring 螺旋弹簧 

cold punched nut 冷冲螺母 cooling spiral 螺旋冷却栓 

core 心型 core pin 心型梢 

cotter 开口梢 cross 十字接头 

cushion pin 缓冲梢 diaphragm gate 盘形浇口 

die approach 模头料道 die bed 型底 

die block 块形模体 die body 铸模座 

die bush 合模衬套 die button 冲模母模 

die clamper 夹模器 die fastener 模具固定用零件 

die holder 母模固定板 die lip 模唇 

die plate 冲模板 die set 冲压模座 

direct gate 直接浇口 dog chuck 爪牙夹头 

dowel 定位梢 dowel hole 导套孔 

dowel pin 合模梢 dozzle 辅助浇口 

dowel pin 定位梢 draft 拔模锥度 

draw bead 张力调整杆 drive bearing 传动轴承 

ejection pad 顶出衬垫 ejector 脱模器 

ejector guide pin 顶出导梢 ejector leader busher 顶出导梢衬套 

ejector pad 顶出垫 ejector pin 顶出梢 

ejector plate 顶出板 ejector rod 顶出杆 

ejector sleeve 顶出衬套 ejector valve 顶出阀 

eye bolt 环首螺栓 filling core 椿入蕊 

film gate 薄膜形浇口 finger pin 指形梢 

finish machined plate 角形模板 finish machined round plate 圆形模板 

fixed bolster plate 固定侧模板 flanged pin 带凸缘? 

flash gate 毛边形浇口 flask 上箱 

floating punch 浮动冲头 gate 浇口 

gate land 浇口面 gib 凹形拉紧? 

goose neck 鹅颈管 guide bushing 引导衬套 

guide pin 导梢 guide post 引导柱 

guide plate 导板 guide rail 导轨 

head punch 顶?冲头 headless punch 直柄冲头 

heavily tapered solid 整体模蕊盒 hose nippler 管接头 

impact damper 缓冲器 injection ram 压射柱塞 

inlay busher 嵌入衬套 inner plunger 内柱塞 

inner punch 内冲头 insert 嵌件 

insert pin 嵌件梢 king pin 转向梢 

king pin bush 主梢衬套 knockout bar 脱模杵 

land 合模平坦面 land area 合模面 

leader busher 导梢衬套 lifting pin 起模顶? 

lining 内衬 locating center punch 定位中心冲头 

locating pilot pin 定位导梢 locating ring 定位环 

lock block 压块 locking block 定位块 

locking plate 定位板 loose bush 活动衬套 

making die 打印冲子 manifold block 歧管档块 

master plate 靠模样板 match plate 分型板 

mold base 塑胶模座 mold clamp 铸模紧固夹 

mold platen 模用板 moving bolster 换模保持装置 

moving bolster plate 可动侧模板 one piece casting 整体铸件 

parallel block 平行垫块 paring line 分模线 

parting lock set 合模定位器 pass guide 穴型导板 

peened head punch 镶入式冲头 pilot pin 导? 

pin gate 针尖浇口 plate 衬板 

pre extrusion punch 顶挤冲头 punch 冲头 

puncher 推杆 pusher pin 衬套梢 

rack 机架 rapping rod 起模杆 

re-entrant mold 凹入模 retainer pin 嵌件梢 

retainer plate 托料板 return pin 回位梢 

riding stripper 浮动脱模器 ring gate 环型浇口 

roller 滚筒 runner 流道 

runner ejector set 流道顶出器 runner lock pin 流道拉梢 

screw plug 头塞 set screw 固定螺丝 

shedder 脱模装置 shim 分隔片 

shoe 模座之上下模板 shoot 流道 

shoulder bolt 肩部螺丝 skeleton 骨架 

slag riser 冒渣口 slide(slide core) 滑块 

slip joint 滑配接头 spacer block 间隔块 

spacer ring 间隔环 spider 模蕊支架 

spindle 主轴 sprue 注道 

sprue bushing 注道衬套 sprue bushing guide 注道导套 

sprue lock bushing 注道定位衬套 sprue puller 注道拉料? 

spue line 合模线 square key 方键 

square nut 方螺帽 square thread 方螺纹 

stop collar 限位套 stop pin 止动梢 

stop ring 止动环 stopper 定位停止梢 

straight pin 圆柱? stripper bolt 脱料螺栓 

stripper bushing 脱模衬套 stripper plate 剥料板 

stroke end block 行程止梢 submarine gate 潜入式浇口 

support pillar 支撑支柱/顶出支柱 support pin 支撑梢 

supporting plate 托板 sweep templete 造模刮板 

tab gate 辅助浇口 taper key 推拔键 

taper pin 拔锥梢/锥形梢 teeming 浇注 

three start screw 三条螺纹 thrust pin 推力销 

tie bar 拉杵 tunnel gate 隧道形浇口 

vent 通气孔 wortle plate 拉丝模板



3D coordinate measurement 三次元量床 boring machine 搪孔机 

cnc milling machine CNC铣床 contouring machine 轮廓锯床 

copy grinding machine 仿形磨床 copy lathe 仿形车床 

copy milling machine 仿形铣床 copy shaping machine 仿形刨床 

cylindrical grinding machine 外圆磨床 die spotting machine 合模机 

drilling machine ?孔机 engraving machine 雕刻机 

engraving E.D.M. 雕模放置加工机 form grinding machine 成形磨床 

graphite machine 石墨加工机 horizontal boring machine 卧式搪孔机 

horizontal machine center 卧式加工制造中心 internal cylindrical machine 内圆磨床


jig boring machine 冶具搪孔机 jig grinding machine 冶具磨床 

lap machine 研磨机 machine center 加工制造中心 

multi model miller 靠磨铣床 NC drilling machine NC钻床 

NC grinding machine NC磨床 NC lathe NC车床 

NC programming system NC程式制作系统 planer 龙门刨床 

profile grinding machine 投影磨床 projection grinder 投影磨床 

radial drilling machine 旋臂?床 shaper 牛头刨床 

surface grinder 平面磨床 try machine 试模机 

turret lathe 转塔车床 universal tool grinding machine 万能工具磨床 

vertical machine center 立式加工制造中心 wire E.D.M. 线割放电加工机



autocollimator 自动准直机 bench comparator 比长仪 

block gauge 块规 bore check 精密小测定器 

calibration 校准 caliper gauge 卡规 

check gauge 校对规 clearance gauge 间隙规 

clinoretee 测斜仪 comparator 比测仪 

cylinder square 圆筒直尺 depth gauge 测深规 

dial indicator 针盘指示表 dial snap gauge 卡规 

digital micrometer 数位式测微计 feeler gauge 测隙规 

gauge plate 量规定位板 height gauge 测高规 

inside calipers 内卡钳 inside micrometer 内分??卡 

interferometer 干涉仪 leveling block 平台 

limit gauge 限规 micrometer 测微计 

mil 千分之一寸 monometer 压力计 

morse taper gauge 莫氏锥度量规 nonius 游标卡尺 

optical flat 光学平晶 optical parallel 光学平行 

passimeter 内径仪 position scale 位置刻度 

profile projector 轮廓光学投影仪 protractor 分角器 

radius 半径 ring gauge 环规 

sine bar 正弦量规 snap gauge 卡模 

square master 直角尺 stylus 触针 

telescopic gauge 伸缩性量规 working gauge 工作量规



alloy tool steel 合金工具钢 aluminium alloy 铝合金钢 

bearing alloy 轴承合金 blister steel 浸碳钢 

bonderized steel sheet 邦德防蚀钢板 carbon tool steel 碳素工具钢 

clad sheet 被覆板 clod work die steel 冷锻模用钢 

emery 金钢砂 ferrostatic pressure 钢铁水静压力 

forging die steel 锻造模用钢 galvanized steel sheet 镀锌铁板 

hard alloy steel 超硬合金钢 high speed tool steel 高速度工具钢 

hot work die steel 热锻模用钢 low alloy tool steel 特殊工具钢 

low manganese casting steel 低锰铸钢 marging steel 马式体高强度热处理钢 

martrix alloy 马特里斯合金 meehanite cast iron 米汉纳铸钢 

meehanite metal 米汉纳铁 merchant iron 市售钢材 

molybdenum high speed steel 钼系高速钢 molybdenum steel 钼钢 

nickel chromium steel 镍铬钢 prehardened steel 顶硬钢 

silicon steel sheet 矽钢板 stainless steel 不锈钢 

tin plated steel sheet 镀锡铁板 tough pitch copper 韧铜 

troostite 吐粒散铁 tungsten steel ?钢 

vinyl tapped steel sheet 塑胶覆面钢板



age hardening 时效硬化 ageing 老化处理 

air hardening 气体硬化 air patenting 空气韧化 

annealing 退火 anode effect 阳极效应 

anodizing 阳极氧化处理 atomloy treatment 阿托木洛伊表面 

austempering 奥氏体等温淬火 austenite 奥斯田体/奥氏体 

bainite 贝氏体 banded structure 条纹状组织 

barrel plating 滚镀 barrel tumbling 滚筒打光 

blackening 染黑法 blue shortness 青熟脆性 

bonderizing 磷酸盐皮膜处理 box annealing 箱型退火 

box carburizing 封箱渗碳 bright electroplating 辉面电镀 

bright heat treatment 光辉热处理 bypass heat treatment 旁路热处理 

carbide 炭化物 carburized case depth 浸碳硬化深层 

carburizing 渗碳 cementite 炭化铁 

chemical plating 化学电镀 chemical vapor deposition 化学蒸镀 

coarsening 结晶粒粗大化 coating 涂布被覆 

cold shortness 低温脆性 comemtite 渗碳体 

controlled atmosphere 大气热处理 corner effect 锐角效应 

creeping discharge 蠕缓放电 decarburization 脱碳处理 

decarburizing 脱碳退火 depth of hardening 硬化深层 

diffusion 扩散 diffusion annealing 扩散退火 

electrolytic hardening 电解淬火 embossing 压花 

etching 表面蚀刻 ferrite 肥粒铁 

first stage annealing 第一段退火 flame hardening 火焰硬化 

flame treatment 火焰处理 full annealing 完全退火 

gaseous cyaniding 气体氧化法 globular cementite 球状炭化铁 

grain size 结晶粒度 granolite treatment 磷酸溶液热处理 

graphitizing 石墨退火 hardenability 硬化性 

hardenability curve 硬化性曲线 hardening 硬化 

heat treatment 热处理 hot bath quenching 热浴淬火 

hot dipping 热浸镀 induction hardening 高周波硬化 

ion carbonitriding 离子渗碳氮化 ion carburizing 离子渗碳处理 

ion plating 离子电镀 isothermal annealing 等温退火 

liquid honing 液体喷砂法 low temperature annealing 低温退火 

malleablizing 可锻化退火 martempering 麻回火处理 

martensite 马氏体/硬化铁炭 metallikon 金属喷镀法 

metallizing 真空涂膜 nitriding 氮化处理 

nitrocarburizing 软氮化 normalizing 正常化 

oil quenching 油淬化 overageing 过老化 

overheating 过热 pearlite 针尖组织 

phosphating 磷酸盐皮膜处理 physical vapor deposition 物理蒸镀 

plasma nitriding 离子氮化 pre-annealing 预备退火 

precipitation 析出 precipitation hardening 析出硬化 

press quenching 加压硬化 process annealing 制程退火 

quench ageing 淬火老化 quench hardening 淬火 

quenching crack 淬火裂痕 quenching distortion 淬火变形 

quenching stress 淬火应力 reconditioning 再调质 

recrystallization 再结晶 red shortness 红热脆性 

residual stress 残留应力 retained austenite 残留奥 

rust prevention 防蚀 salt bath quenching 盐浴淬火 

sand blast 喷砂处理 seasoning 时效处理 

second stage annealing 第二段退火 secular distortion 经年变形 

segregation 偏析 selective hardening 部分淬火 

shot blast 喷丸处理 shot peening 珠击法 

single stage nitriding 等温渗氮 sintering 烧结处理 

soaking 均热处理 softening 软化退火 

solution treatment 固溶化热处理 spheroidizing 球状化退火 

stabilizing treatment 安定化处理 straightening annealing 矫直退火 

strain ageing 应变老化 stress relieving annealing 应力消除退火 

subzero treatment 生冷处理 supercooling 过冷 

surface hardening 表面硬化处理 temper brittleness 回火脆性 

temper colour 回火颜色 tempering 回火 

tempering crack 回火裂痕 texture 咬花 

thermal refining 调质处理 thermoechanical treatment 加工热处理 

time quenching 时间淬火 transformation 变态 

tufftride process 软氮化处理 under annealing 不完全退火 

vacuum carbonitriding 真空渗碳氮化 vacuum carburizing 真空渗碳处理 

vacuum hardening 真空淬火 vacuum heat treatment 真空热处理 

vacuum nitriding 真空氮化 water quenching 水淬火 

wetout 浸润处理



acetylene 乙炔 ampere 电流安培 

angle welding 角焊 arc 电弧 

argon arc welding 氩弧焊接 bare electrode 光熔接条 

butt welding 对接焊接 camber 电弧弯曲 

cascade 阶叠熔接法 clad weld 被覆熔接 

crator 焊疤 excess metal 多余金属 

filler rod 焊条 fillet weld 填角焊接 

gas shield 气体遮蔽 groove welding 起槽熔接 

hand face shield 手握面罩 hard facing 硬表面堆焊 

jig welding 工模焊接 laser beam welding 雷射光焊接 

metal electrode insert gas welding MIG熔接 nugget 点焊熔核 

overlaying 堆焊 peening of welding 珠击熔接法 

plug welding 塞孔熔接 positioned welding 正向熔接 

pressure welding 压焊 propane gas cutting 丙烷气切割 

pure nickel electrode 纯镍熔接条 reinforcement of weld 加强焊接 

resist 抗蚀护膜 root running 背面熔接 

seam 焊缝 seaming 接合 

seam welding 流缝熔接 series seam welding 串联缝熔接 

skip welding process 跳焊法 spark 火花 

spot welding 点焊接 stitch welding 针角焊接 

stud arc welding 电弧焊接 under laying 下部焊层 

void 焊接空隙 weld flow mark 焊接流痕 

weld flush 焊缝凸起 weld line 焊接纹 

weld mark 焊接痕 weld penetration 熔接透入 

weld zone 焊接区 welding 焊接 

welding bead 焊接泡 welding direction 焊接方向 

welding distortion 焊接变形 welding flux 焊剂 

welding ground 电熔接地 welding interval 焊接周期 

welding stress 熔接应变 welding torch 熔接气炬



activator 活化剂 bag moulding 气胎施压成形 

bonding strength 黏合强度 breathing 排气 

caulking compound 填隙料 cell 气孔 

cold slug 半凝式射出 colorant 著色剂 

color matching 调色 color masterbatch 色母料 

compound 混合料 copolymer 共聚合体 

cull 残料废品 cure 凝固化 

cryptometer 不透明度仪 daylight 开隙 

dry cycle time 空料试车周期时间 ductility 延性 

elastomer 弹性体 extruded bead sealing 压出粒涂层法 

feed 供料 filler 充填剂 

film blowing 薄膜吹制法 floating platen 活动模板 

foaming agent 发泡剂 gloss 光泽 

granule 颗粒料 gunk 料斗 

hot mark 热斑 hot stamping 烫印 

injection nozzle 射出喷嘴 injection plunger 射出柱塞 

injection ram 射出冲柱 isomer 同分异构物 

kneader 混合机 leveling agent 匀涂剂 

lubricant 润滑剂 matched die method 配合成形法 

mould clamping force 锁模力 mould release agent 脱模剂 

nozzle 喷嘴 oriented film 取向薄膜 

parison 吹气成形坏料 pellet 粒料 

plasticizer 可塑剂 plunger 压料柱塞 

porosity 孔隙率 post cure 後固化 

premix 预混料 purging 清除 

reciprocating screw 往复螺杆 resilience 回弹性 

resin injection 树脂射出法 rheology 流变学 

sheet 塑胶片 shot 注射 

shot cycle 射出循环 slip agent 光滑剂 

take out device 取料装置 tie bar 拉杆 

toggle type mould clamping system 肘杆式锁模装置 

torpedo spreader 鱼雷形分流板 transparency 透明性 

void content 空洞率



acrylic 压克力 casein 酪素 

cellulose acetate 醋酸纤维素CA cellulose acetate butyrate 醋酸丁酸纤维素CAB 

composite material 复合材料 cresol resin 甲酚树脂CF 

dially phthalate 苯二甲酸二烯丙酯 disperse reinforcement 分散性强化复合材料 

engineering plastics 工程塑胶 epoxy resin 环氧树脂EP 

ethyl cellulose 乙基纤维素 ethylene vinylacetate copolymer 乙烯-醋酸乙烯EVA 

ethylene-vinlacetate copolyme 醋酸乙烯共聚物EVA expanded polystyrene 


fiber reinforcement 纤维强化热固性/纤维强化复合材料 

high density polyethylene 高密度聚乙烯HDPE 

high impact polystyrene 高冲击聚苯乙烯HIPS 

high impact polystyrene rigidity 高冲击性聚苯乙烯 

low density polyethylene 低密度聚乙烯LDPE melamine resin 三聚氰胺酚醛树脂MF 

nitrocellulose 硝酸纤维素 phenolic resin 酚醛树脂 

plastic 塑胶 polyacrylic acid 聚丙烯酸PAP 

polyamide 耐龙PA polybutyleneterephthalate 聚对苯二甲酸丁酯PBT 

polycarbonate 聚碳酸酯PC polyethyleneglycol 聚乙二醇PFG 

polyethyleneoxide 聚氧化乙烯PEO polyethyleneterephthalate 聚乙醇对苯PETP 

polymetylmethacrylate 聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯PMMA polyoxymethylene 聚缩醛POM 

polyphenylene oxide 聚硫化亚苯 polyphenyleneoxide 聚苯醚PPO 

polypropylene 聚丙烯PP polystyrene 聚苯乙烯PS 

polytetrafluoroethylene 聚四氟乙烯PTFE polytetrafluoroethylene 聚四氟乙烯 

polythene 聚乙烯PE polyurethane 聚氨基甲酸酯PU 

polyvinylacetate 聚醋酸乙烯PVAC polyvinylalcohol 聚乙烯醇PVA 

polyvinylbutyral 聚乙烯醇缩丁醛PVB polyvinylchloride 聚氯乙烯PVC 

polyvinylfuoride 聚氟乙烯PVF polyvinylidenechloride 聚偏二氯乙烯PVDC 

prepolymer 预聚物 silicone resin 矽树脂 

thermoplastic 热塑性 thermosetting 热固性 

thermosetting plastic 塑胶 unsaturated polyester 不饱和聚酯树脂



aberration 色差 atomization ?化 

bank mark ?料纹 bite 咬入 

blacking hole 涂料孔(铸疵) blacking scab 涂料疤 

blister 起泡 blooming 起霜 

blow hole 破孔 blushing 泛白 

body wrinkle 侧壁皱纹 breaking-in 冒口带肉 

bubble 膜泡 burn mark 糊斑 

burr 毛边 camber 翘曲 

cell 气泡 center buckle 表面中部波皱 

check 细裂痕 checking 龟裂 

chipping 修整表面缺陷 clamp-off 铸件凹痕 

collapse 塌陷 color mottle 色斑 

corrosion 腐蚀 crack 裂痕 

crazing 碎裂 crazing 龟裂 

deformation 变形 edge 切边碎片 

edge crack 裂边 fading 退色 

filler speak 填充料斑 fissure 裂纹 

flange wrinkle 凸缘起皱 flaw 刮伤 

flow mark 流痕 galling 毛边 

glazing 光滑 gloss 光泽 

grease pits 污斑 grinding defect 磨痕 

haircrack 发裂 haze 雾度 

incrustation 水锈 indentation 压痕 

internal porosity 内部气孔 mismatch 偏模 

mottle 斑点 necking 缩颈 

nick 割痕 orange peel 橘皮状表面缺陷 

overflow 溢流 peeling 剥离 

pit 坑 pitting corrosion 点状腐蚀 

plate mark 模板印痕 pock 麻点 

pock mark 痘斑 resin streak 树脂流纹 

resin wear 树脂脱落 riding 凹陷 

sagging 松垂 saponification 皂化 

scar 疤痕 scrap 废料 

scrap jam 废料阻塞 scratch 刮伤/划痕 

scuffing 深冲表面划伤 seam 裂痕 

shock line 模口挤痕 short shot 充填不足 

shrinkage pool 凹孔 sink mark 凹痕 

skin inclusion 表皮摺叠 straightening 矫直 

streak 条状痕 surface check 表面裂痕 

surface roughening 橘皮状表皮皱摺 surging 波动 

sweat out 冒汗 torsion 扭曲 

warpage 翘曲 waviness 波痕 

webbing 熔塌 weld mark 焊痕 

whitening 白化 wrinkle 皱纹



adjustable spanner 活动扳手 angle cutter 角铣刀 

anvil 铁? arbour 心轴 

backing 衬垫 belt sander 带式打磨机 

buffing 抛光 chamfering machine 倒角机 

chamfering tool 去角刀具 chisel 扁錾 

chuck 夹具 compass 两角规 

concave cutter 凹面铣刀 convex cutter 凸形铣刀 

cross joint 十字接头 cutting edge clearance 刃口余隙角 

drill stand 钻台 edge file 刃用锉刀 

file 锉刀 flange joint 凸缘接头 

grinder 砂轮机 hammer 铁锤 

hand brace 手摇钻 hatching 剖面线 

hexagon headed bolt 六角头螺栓 hexagon nut 六角螺帽 

index head 分度头 jack 千斤顶 

jig 治具 kit 工具箱 

lapping 研磨 metal saw 金工锯 

nose angle 刀角 pinchers 钳子 

pliers 铗钳 plug 柱塞头 

polisher 磨光器 protable driller 手提钻孔机 

punch 冲头 sand paper 砂纸 

scraper 刮刀 screw driver 螺丝起子 

scribing 划线 second out file 中纹锉 

spanner 扳手 spline broach 方栓槽拉刀 

square 直角尺 square sleeker 方形镘刀 

square trowel 直角度 stripping 剥离工具 

T-slot T形槽 tool for lathe 车刀 

tool point angle 刀刃角 tool post 刀架 

tosecan 划线盘 trimming 去毛边 

waffle die flattening 压纹效平 wiper 脱模钳 

wrench 螺旋扳手



3D modeling 三次元模拟 access 通路 

animation 卡通影片 application 应用 

board 基板 bug 故障 

bus 汇流排 CAD 电脑辅助设计 

CAE 电脑辅助工程分析 CAM 电脑辅助制造 

cassette 卡座 color display 彩色显示器 

command 指令 communication 通信 

compact 精简小型 computer 电脑 

copy 复制 cursor 游标 

curve modeling 曲面模拟 database 资料库 

design 设计 digitizing 数位化 

disk 磁碟 dot 点 

eyelet 眼孔 floppy 磁碟片 

format 格式化 graphic 圆解 

hardware 硬体 honeycomb 蜂巢 

interface 界面 know how 秘诀 

laser printer 雷射印表机 lay out 布置 

memory 记忆 memory swap 交换记忆 

microprocessor 微处理器 modeling 造型 

module 模组 monitor 萤幕 

mouse 滑鼠 need 需求 

network 网路 new version 新版 

on line 上线中 option 选择 

PC 个人电脑 plotter 绘图机 

program 程式 scanning 扫描 

simulation 模拟 software 软体 

solid model 实体模型 system 系统 

tape 磁带 terminal 终端机 

texture 构造 trim 修边 

venter 排气风扇 word processor 文书处理器



barreling 滚光加工 belling 压凸加工 

bending 弯曲加工 blanking 下料加工 

bulging 撑压加工 burring 冲缘加工 

cam die bending 凸轮弯曲加工 caulking ?合加工 

coining 压印加工 compressing 压缩加工 

compression bending 押弯曲加工 crowning 凸面加工 

curl bending 卷边弯曲加工 curling 卷曲加工 

cutting 切削加工 dinking 切断蕊骨 

double shearing 叠板裁断 drawing 引伸加工 

drawing with ironing 抽引光滑加工 embossing 浮花压制加工 

extrusion 挤制加工 filing 锉削加工 

fine blanking 精密下料加工 finish blanking 光制下料加工 

finishing 精整加工 flanging 凸缘加工 

folding 折边弯曲加工 folding 摺叠加工 

forming 成形加工 impact extrusion 冲击挤压加工 

indenting 压痕加工 ironing 引缩加工 

knurling 滚花 lock seaming 固定接合 

louvering 百叶窗板加工 marking 刻印加工 

necking 颈缩加工 notching 冲口加工 

parting 分断加工 piercing 冲孔加工 

progressive bending 连续弯曲加工 progressive blanking 连续下料加工 

progressive drawing 连续引伸加工 progressive forming 连续成形加工 

reaming 铰孔加工 restriking 二次精冲加工 

riveting ?接加工 roll bending 滚筒弯曲加工 

roll finishing 滚压加工 rolling 压延加工 

roughing 粗加工 scrapless machining 无废料加工 

seaming 折弯重叠加工 shaving 缺口修整加工 

shearing 切断加工 sizing 精压加工/矫正加工 

slitting 割缝加工 spinning 卷边?接 

staking ?固 stamping 锻压加工 

swaging 挤锻压加工 trimming 整缘加工 

upsetting 锻粗加工 wiring 抽线加工



back shaft 支撑轴 blank determination 胚料展开 

bottom slide press 下传动式压力机 board drop hammer 板落锤 

brake 煞车 buckle 剥砂面 

camlachie cramp 铸包 casting on flat ?合 

chamotte sand 烧磨砂 charging hopper 加料漏斗 

clearance 间隙 closed-die forging 合模锻造 

clump 夹紧 clutch 离合器 

clutch brake 离合器制动器 clutch boss 离合器轮壳 

clutch lining 离合器覆盖 coil car 带卷升降运输机 

coil cradle 卷材进料装置 coil reel stand 钢材卷料架 

column 圆柱 connection screw 连杆调节螺钉 

core compound 砂心黏结剂 counter blow hammer 对击锻锤 

cradle 送料架 crank 曲柄轴 

crankless 无曲柄式 cross crank 横向曲轴 

cushion 缓冲 depression 外缩凹孔 

dial feed 分度送料 die approach 模口角度 

die assembly 合模 die cushion 模具缓冲垫 

die height 冲压闭合高度 die life 模具寿命 

die opening 母模逃孔 die spotting press 调整冲模用压力机 

double crank press 双曲柄轴冲床 draght angle 逃料倾斜角 

edging 边锻伸 embedded core 加装砂心 

feed length 送料长度 feed level 送料高度 

filling core 埋入砂心 filling in 填砂 

film play 液面花纹 fine blanking press 精密下料冲床 

forging roll 辊锻机 finishing slag 炼後熔渣 

fly wheel 飞轮 fly wheel brake 飞轮制动器 

foot press 脚踏冲床 formboard 进模口板 

frame 床身机架 friction 摩擦 

friction brake 摩擦煞车 gap shear 凹口剪床 

gear 齿轮 gib 滑块引导部 

gripper 夹具 gripper feed 夹持进料 

gripper feeder 夹紧传送装置 hammer 槌机 

hand press 手动冲床 hand rack pinion press 手动齿轮齿条式冲床 

hand screw press 手动螺旋式冲床 hopper feed 料斗送料 

idle stage 空站 inching 微调尺寸 

isothermal forging 恒温锻造 key clutch 键槽离合器 

knockout 脱模装置 knuckle mechanic 转向机构 

land 模具直线刀面部 level 水平 

loader 供料器 unloader 卸料机 

loop controller 闭回路控制器 lower die 下模 

micro inching device 微寸动装置 microinching equipment 微动装置 

motor 马达 moving bolster 活动工作台 

notching press 冲缺口压力机 opening 排料逃孔 

overload protection device 防超载装置 pinch roll 导正滚轮 

pinion 小齿轮 pitch 节距 

pressfit 压入 progressive 连续送料 

pusher feed 推杆式送料 pusher feeder 料片押片装置 

quick die change system 快速换模系统 regrinding 再次研磨 

releasing 松释动作 reversed blanking 反转下料 

robot 机器人 roll forming machine 辊轧成形 

roll forming machine 辊轧成形机 roll release 脱辊 

roller feed 辊式送料 roller leveler 辊式矫直机 

rotary bender 卷弯成形机 safety guard 安全保护装置 

scrap cutter 废料切刀 scrap press 废料冲床 

seamless forging 无缝锻造 separate 分离 

shave 崩砂 shear angle 剪角 

sheet loader 薄板装料机 shot 单行程工作 

shrinkage fit 收缩配合 shut height 闭合高度 

sieve mesh 筛孔 sintering of sand 铸砂烧贴 

slide balancer 滑动平衡器 slug hole 逃料孔 

spin forming machine 旋压成形机 spotting 合模 

stack feeder 堆叠拨送料机 stickness 黏模性 

straight side frame 冲床侧板 stretcher leveler 拉伸矫直机 

strip feeder 料材送料装置 stripping pressure 弹出压力 

stroke 冲程 take out device 取料装置 

toggle press 肘杆式压力机 transfer 传送 

transfer feed 连续自动送料装置 turrent punch press 转塔冲床 

two speed clutch 双速离合器 uncoiler 闭卷送料机 

unloader 卸载机 vibration feeder 振动送料机 

wiring press 嵌线卷边机



abnormal glow 不规则辉光放电 arc discharge 电弧放电 

belt 皮带 centreless 无心 

chrome bronze 铭铜 clearance angle 後角 

corner shear drop 直角压陷 deflection 桡曲度 

discharge energy 放电能量 dressing 修整 

dwell 保压 flange 凸缘 

gap 间隙 graphite 石墨 

graphite contraction allowance 电极缩小余量 graphite holder 电极夹座 

hair crack 发裂 horn 电极臂 

jump 跳刀 magnetic base 磁性座 

master graphite 标准电极 pipe graphite 管状电极 

pulse 脉冲 rib working 肋部加工 

roller electrode 滚轮式电极 rotary surface 旋转面 

shank 柄部 sharp edge 锐角部 

tough bronze 韧铜 traverse 摇臂 

tungsten bronze ?青铜 waviness 波形起伏 

work 工件 working allowance 加工余量 

working dischard 加工废料



accretion 炉瘤 acid converter 酸性转炉 

acid lining cupola 酸性熔铁炉 acid open-hearth furnace 酸性平炉 

aerator 松砂机 air set mold 常温自硬铸模 

airless blasting cleaning 离心喷光 all core molding 集合式铸模 

all round die holder 通用模座 assembly mark 铸造合模记号 

back pouring 补浇注 backing sand 背砂 

base bullion 粗金属锭 base permeability 原砂透气度 

belling 压凸 billet 坏料 

bleed 漏铸 blocker 预锻模膛 

blocking 粗胚锻件 blow hole 铸件气孔 

board drop hammer 板落锤 bottom pour mold 底浇 

bottom pouring 底注 boxless mold 脱箱砂模 

break-off core 缩颈砂心 brick molding 砌箱造模法 

buckle 剥砂面 camber 错箱 

camlachie cramp 铸包 cast blade 铸造叶片 

casting flange 铸造凸缘 casting on flat 水平铸造 

chamotte sand 烧磨砂 charging hopper 加料漏斗 

cleaning of casting 铸件清理 closed-die forging 合模锻造 

core compound 砂心黏结剂 core template 砂心模板 

core vent 砂蕊排气孔 corner gate 压边浇口 

counter blow hammer 对击锻造 counter lock 止口镶嵌方式 

depression 外缩凹孔 die approach 模口角度 

draw out 锻造拔长 draw plate 起模板 

draw spike 起模长针 dummying 预锻 

embedded core 加装砂心 erosion 冲砂 

fettling 铸件清理 filling core 埋入砂心 

filling in 填砂 film play 液面花纹 

finishing slag 炼後熔渣 flash gutter 锻模飞边槽 

flask molding 砂箱造模 forging roll 辊锻机 

formboard 进模口板 gutter 锻模飞边槽 

hammer man 锻工 heading machine 顶镦机 

impacter 卧式锻造机 inblock cast 整体铸造 

ingot 铸锭 ingot blank 铸坯 

inlay casting 镶铸法 investment casting 失模铸造 

isothermal forging 恒温锻造 loose piece 木模活块 

molding pit 铸模地坑 pouring process 浇注法 

recasting 重铸 roll forging 轧锻 

rolled surface 轧制表面 rough sand 粗砂 

roughing forge 粗锻 sand crushing 塌箱 

seamless forging 无缝锻造 separate 分离 

shave 崩砂 shrinkage fit 收缩配合 

shut height 闭合高度 sieve mesh 筛孔 

sintering of sand 铸砂烧贴 slag 熔渣 

slag inclusion 夹渣 stickness 黏模性 

strip layout 带状胚料排样法 tap casting 顶注 

top gate 顶注浇口 unworked casting 不加工铸件 

upender 翻转装置 upending 顶锻 

uphill casting 底铸 white cast iron 白口铸件



barrel 滚筒(加工) bending 波纹加工 

broaching 拉刀切削 centering 定中心 

cutting 切削 cylindrical lathe cutting 外圆车削 

electric discharge machine 放电加工 electrolytic grinding 电解研磨 

embossing 压花加工 facing 面车削 

filing 锉刀修润 hand finishing 手工修润 

hemming 卷边加工 hobbing 滚齿加工 

joggling 摇动加工 lapping 抛光/研磨修润 

laser beam machining 雷射加工 lathe cutting 车床车削 

planning 刨削加工 polishing 抛亮光 

reaming 铰孔修润 rough machining 粗切削 

rounding 圆形加工 sawing 锯削 

scaling 清除钢碇缺陷 shaping 成形加工 

skiving 表面研磨 slotting 切缝切削 

taper turning 锥度车削 thread cutting 螺纹切削 

ultrasonic machining 超音波加工 up cut milling 逆铣加工



air permeability test 透气性试验 austenitic steel 沃斯田铁钢 

brinell hardness 布耐内尔硬度 brinell hardness test 布氏硬度试验 

charpy impact test 夏比冲击试验 conical cup test 圆锥杯突试验 

cup flow test 杯模式流动度试验 dart drop impact test 落锤冲击试验 

Elmendorf test 埃罗门多撕裂强度试验 environmental stress cracking test 


ericessen test 埃留伸薄板拉伸试验 falling ball impact test 落球冲击试验 

fatigue test 疲劳试验 ferrite 纯铁体 

gantt chart 甘特图 heat cycle test 热循环试验 

histogram 柱状图 hot bend test 热弯试验 

izod impact test 埃左德冲击试验 loop tenacity 环结强度 

martens heat distortion temperature test 马顿斯耐热试验 

martensite 马氏体 mullen bursting strength tester 密廉式破裂强度试验机 

nol ring test 诺尔环试验 normal distribution 常态分配 

ozone resistance test 抗臭氧试验 pareto diagram 柏拉图 

peeling test 剥离试验 pinhole test 针孔试验机 

rattler test 磨耗试验 rockweel hardness test 洛氏硬度试验 

rockweel hardness 洛氏威尔硬度 rolinx process 罗林克斯射出压缩成形法 

rossi-peakes flow test 罗西皮克斯流动试验 sampling inspection 抽样检查 

scratch hardness 抗刮硬度 shore hardness 萧氏硬度 

spiral flow test 螺旋流动试验 surface abrasion test 表面磨耗试验 

taber abraser 泰伯磨耗试验机 tensile impact test 拉伸冲击试验 

tensile strength 抗拉强度 tension test 张力试验 

thermal shock test 冷热剧变试验 torsion test 扭曲试验 

ubbelohde viscometer 乌别洛德黏度计 vicat indentation test 维卡针压陷试验 

Vickers hardness test 维氏硬度试验 warpage test 翘曲试验 

weatherometer 人工老化试验机 weissenberg effect 威森伯格回转效应



abrasive 砂轮 Al2O3 氧化铝 

balance 平衡 bond 结合 

borazon 氧化硼立方晶 buffing wheel 抛光布轮 

diamond 钻石 dresser 砂轮整修机 

dressing 修整 endless grinding belt 循环式研磨带 

finishing allowance 加工余量 grain 磨粒 

grinding disc 研磨盘 jamp up 孔眼堵塞 

mesh 网筛目 parameter 参数 

resinoid grinding wheel 半树脂型砂轮 slitting 切缝量 

vitrified 陶瓷的 wheel 旋转



assembly drawing 装配图 auto tool change cycle 自动换刀时间周期 

beam 横梁 bending moment 弯矩 

bending stress 弯曲应力 bottoming 底靠 

buckling 纵弯曲 chamfering 去角斜切 

channel 凹槽 chattering 颤动 

check point 查核点 chip 切屑 

chip conveyor 排屑输送机 coefficient of friction 摩擦系数 

compact 小型的 cooling pipe 冷却管 

coupon 试样胚 deflection 挠曲量 

distortion 扭曲变形 draft taper 拔模锥度 

draw out 拉拔 fit tolerance 配合公差 

flexible rigidity 弯曲刚性 gas vent 气孔 

hatching 剖面线 heater cooler 加热器冷却装置 

hook cavity 钩穴 inching 寸动 

lug 凸缘 maintenance 维修保固 

metallurgy 冶金学 notch effect 切口效果 

out of roughness 真圆度 performance 动作性能 

pit 坑 plane strain 倒角应力 

plug mill 蕊棒轧管机 

repeated load 重覆载荷 

riveted joint ?钉接合 

sand paper 砂纸 

shift 偏移 

shrink fit 热压配合 

shrinkage hole 缩孔 

sinking 凹陷 

sketch 草图 

spalling 剥落 

straightness 直度 

submarine 深陷式 

surface roughness 表面粗度 

tapping 攻螺丝 

thermocouple 热电耦 

torsion load 扭转载荷 

toughness 韧性 

tracing 描图 

under cut 凹割


3D coordinate measurement 三次元量床 

3D modeling 三次元模拟 

aberration 色差 

abnormal glow 不规则辉光放电 

abrasive 砂轮 

access 通路 

account 帐户 

accretion 炉瘤 

accurate die casting 精密压铸 

acid converter 酸性转炉 

acid lining cupola 酸性熔铁炉 

acid open-hearth furnance 酸性平炉 

activator 活化剂 

acetylene 乙炔 

adjustable spanner 活动扳手 

aerator 松砂机 

after service 售後服务 

age hardening 时效硬化 

ageing 老化处理 

air hardening 气体硬化 

airless plasting cleaning 离心喷光 

air patenting 空气韧化 

air permeability test 透气性试验 

air set mold 常温自硬铸模 

air vent valve 通气阀 

all core molding 集合式铸模 

alloy tool steel 合金工具钢 

allround die holder 通用模型 

aluminium alloy 铝合金钢 

amendment 修正 

ampere 电流安培 
? anchor pin 锚梢 

angle cutter 角铣刀 

angle welding 角焊 

angular pin 角梢 

angular pin 倾斜梢 

animation 卡通影片 

anode effect 阳极效应 

annealing 退火


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